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英文学习都会用的修辞手法,你会用吗?

编辑:    发布日期: 2020-07-27 11:03:01   浏览:

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各位同学大家好,今天我们来看一下英文考试的中的文学鉴赏题应该怎么写,我们知道既然要鉴赏一篇文章的话,当然离不开要分析这篇文章的修辞手法,那我们今天就来看看:

在英文当中常见的修辞手法

1) Simile:(明喻)

标志词常用 like, as, seem, as if, as though, similar to, such as等.

It is a figure of speech which makes a comparison between two unlike elements having at  least one quality or characteristic in common. To make the comparison, words like as, as...as, as if and like are used to transfer the quality we associate with one to the other. For example, As cold waters to a thirsty soul, so is good news from a far country.

2) Metaphor:(暗喻)

For example, the world is a stage.

It is like a simile, also makes a comparison between two unlike elements, but unlike a simile, this comparison is implied rather than stated. For example, the world is a stage.

3)Personification: (拟人)

It gives human form of feelings  to animals, or life and personal attributes to inanimate objects, or to ideas and abstractions . For example, the wind whistled through the trees.

拟人是把生命赋予无生命的事物.

英文学习都会用的修辞手法,你会用吗?

4) Hyperbole: (夸张)

It is the deliberate use of overstatement or exaggeration to achieve emphasis. For instance, he almost died laughing.

夸张是以言过其实的说法表达强调的目的.它可以加强语势,增加表达效果......

5)Euphemism: (委婉)

用 sanitation engineer 替代garbage man(清洁工)  

用 the disadvantaged替代 the poor(穷人)  It is the substitution of an agreeable or inoffensive(无冒犯) expression for one that may offend or suggest something unpleasant. For instance, we refer to "die" as” pass away".

委婉辞法指用文雅的方法表达粗恶,避讳的话。

6)Synecdoche(提喻)

It is involves the substitution of the part for the whole, or the whole for the part. For instance, they say there's bread and work for all. She was dressed in silks.

提喻用部分代替全体,或用全体代替部分,或特殊代替一般

7)Irony: (反语)

也是正话反说,反话正说,一般需借助于特定的上下文与语境才能被正确理解。

It is a figure of speech  that achieves emphasis by saying the opposite of what is meant, the intended meaning of the words being the opposite of their usual sense. For instance, we are lucky, what you said makes me feel real good.

 8)Climax: (渐进)

It is derived from the Greek word for "ladder" and implies the progression of thought at a uniform or almost uniform rate of significance or intensity, like the steps of a ladder ascending evenly. For example, I came, I saw, I conquered.

这种修辞是将一系列词语按照意念的大小.轻重.深浅.高低等逐层渐进,最后达到顶点.可以增强语势,逐渐加深读者印象.

9)Onomatopoeia: (拟声)

It is a device that uses words which imitate the sounds made by an object (animate or inanimate), or which are associated  with or suggestive(提示的) of some action or movement

10) Analogy(类比)

It is also a form of comparison, but unlike simile or metaphor which usually uses comparison on one point of resemblance, analogy draws a parallel between two unlike things that have several common qualities or points of resemblance. 比如1.Appropriate praise to a child is what the sun is to a flower

以上就是我们英文鉴赏当中常见的十种修辞手法,大家有什么学习和留学上的问题,欢迎随时咨询我们新航道的老师,我们随时乐意为大家解答疑惑。

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