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雅思大作文范文

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201997日雅思大作文题目:经济发展与环境保护的关系Some people say that economic growth is the only way to end world poverty and hunger. However, others say that economic growth is damaging the environment and should be stopped. Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

雅思范文素材图

解析&审题

本题的解题关键在于如何认识经济发展与环境之间的关系:我们能否因为经济发展破坏环境就停止经济发展?老雅的写作思路如下:

1. 经济发展的确会带来环境破坏;

2. 但我们不能因此停止经济发展,因为:A. 只有发展经济,人类才能过上好的生活;B.经济发展给环境带来的破坏可以减少,甚至消除。

3. 结论:我们不能放弃经济发展,而是应该找到如何减轻经济发展带来的环境破坏。

以下请看广州托福老师的高分范文。

老师笔记

As is known to all, the only solution to poverty and hunger is economic growth. However, many people raise objections to economic progress on the ground that it will cause huge damage to the environment.

众所周知,解决贫穷和饥饿的唯一办法是经济增长。然而,许多人反对经济进步,因为它会对环境造成巨大的破坏。

解析

1 本段先引出话题,并对题目中的观点进行重述。

2 As is known to all 众所周知

3 Solution 解决方案

4 Raise objections to... ......提出反对

5 On the ground that... 基于......

It is true, of course, that rapid economic growth often comes at the expense of the environment. This has happened again and again in the world, especially in the developing countries. The relentless urbanisation process, for example, has destroyed numerous natural open spaces and animal habitat, and had the dull concrete buildings in their place. Meanwhile, it is not uncommon at all to see the rivers and streams around paper factories (or other manufacturing factories) are so polluted that the water is no longer drinkable.

当然,经济的迅速增长往往是以牺牲环境为代价的。这一次又一次在世界上发生,特别是在发展中国家。例如,大肆的城市化进程摧毁了众多自然空地和动物栖息地,并在它们的位置上建起了了无生趣的混凝土建筑。同时,绝不罕见的是,造纸厂( 或其他制造工厂)周围的河流和溪流受到严重污染,以至于水不再可饮用。

解析

1 本段论述经济发展的确会带来环境破坏。本段主要是用举例法来说明:城市化进程摧毁了空地和动物栖息地,工厂附近的河流和溪流被污染。

2 Relentless 肆虐的;残酷无情的

3 Habitat 栖息地

4 It is not uncommon that... 不罕见

Yet this does not follow that we could do without economic growth. For one thing, only with fast economic development can people have the opportunities to enjoy a better material life, which is the first-tier need of all people at all times. Though this does not suggest that people's insatiable desire should always be met by developing economy, we can rather safely say that economic growth is often the primary concern for all people, especially those living in poverty and hunger. For another, though economic growth will necessarily bring negative effects on the environment, the effects can well be minimized or even eliminated. Covered with green trees and grasses, many big cities have now attracted birds and other animals back again. The rivers and streams around factories have become clean, too, as purifying technologies are put into use.

然而,这并不意味着我们可以不要经济增长。一方面,只有在经济快速发展的情况下,人们才有机会享受更好的物质生活,这是任何时代所有人的第一层次需求。虽然这并不表明应该通过发展经济来满足人们贪得无厌的欲望,但我们可以相当安全地说,经济增长经常是所有人,特别是生活在贫困和饥饿中的人首要关注的东西。另一方面,虽然经济增长必然会对环境带来负面影响,但这个影响完全可以减少到最低,甚至完全消除。现在,许多大城市被绿树和草所覆盖,将鸟类和其他动物又吸引了回来,而且净化技术投入使用后,工厂周围的河流和溪流也变得干净了。

解析

1 本段讨论我们不能因为环境因素而停止经济发展,提供了两个原因:第一,经济发展才能让人们过上好生活;第二,环境问题可以得到有效解决。

2 Do without... 没有......也接受

3 For one thing, ...; for another, ... 其一,......; 其二,......

4 The first-tier need 第一层次的需求

5 Insatiable 贪得无厌的

6 Primary 首要的

7 Eliminated 消灭;消除

My opinion, then, is that economic growth is forever needed in spite of its potential risks to the environment. What we ought to do is try to find ways of reducing its effect on the environment, rather than give up economic development altogether.

因此,我的观点是,尽管经济增长对环境有潜在风险,但它永远是必要的。我们应该做的是设法减少经济发展对环境的影响,而不是完全放弃经济发展。

解析

1 本段是结论,并明确提出自己对这个问题的观点。

2 Potential 潜在的

3 Reduce 降低;压缩

4 Altogether 完全地;彻底地

7分范文

As is known to all, the only solution to poverty and hunger is economic growth. However, many people raise objections to economic progress on the ground that it will cause huge damage to the environment.

It is true, of course, that rapid economic growth often comes at the expense of the environment. This has happened again and again in the world, especially in the developing countries. The relentless urbanisation process, for example, has destroyed numerous natural open spaces and animal habitat, and had the dull concrete buildings in their place. Meanwhile, it is not uncommon at all to see the rivers and streams around paper factories (or other manufacturing factories) are so polluted that the water is no longer drinkable.

Yet this does not follow that we could do without economic growth. For one thing, only with fast economic development can people have the opportunities to enjoy a better material life, which is the first-tier need of all people at all times. Though this does not suggest that  people's insatiable desire should always be met by developing economy, we can rather safely say that economic growth is often the primary concern for all people, especially those living in poverty and hunger. For another, though economic growth will necessarily bring negative effects on the environment, the effects can well be minimized or even eliminated. Covered with green trees and grasses, many big cities have now attracted birds and other animals back again. The rivers and streams around factories have become clean, too, as purifying technologies are put into use.

My opinion, then, is that economic growth is forever needed in spite of its potential risks to the environment. What we ought to do is try to find ways of reducing its effect on the environment, rather than give up economic development altogether.

301 words)

建议背诵的句子

1. It is true, of course, that rapid economic growth often comes at the expense of the environment.

当然,经济的迅速增长往往是以牺牲环境为代价的。

2. The relentless urbanisation process, for example, has destroyed numerous natural open spaces and animal habitat, and had the dull concrete buildings in their place.

例如,大肆的城市化进程摧毁了众多自然空地和动物栖息地,并在它们的位置上建起了了无生趣的混凝土建筑。

3. For one thing, only with fast economic development can people have the opportunities to enjoy a better material life, which is the first-tier need of all people at all times.

一方面,只有在经济快速发展的情况下,人们才有机会享受更好的物质生活,这是任何时代所有人的第一层次需求。

4. Though this does not suggest that people's insatiable desire should always be met by developing economy, we can rather safely say that economic growth is often the primary concern for all people, especially those living in poverty and hunger.

虽然这并不表明应该通过发展经济来满足人们贪得无厌的欲望,但我们可以相当安全地说,经济增长经常是所有人,特别是生活在贫困和饥饿中的人首要关注的东西。

5. What we ought to do is try to find ways of reducing its effect on the environment, rather than give up economic development altogether.

我们应该做的是设法减少经济发展对环境的影响,而不是完全放弃经济发展。

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